What is Neurofeedback?
Let’s start out with what it is not. Neurofeedback is nothing like electroshock therapy. With neurofeedback, the sensors that are attached to the head are read-only – they do not carry electricity back into the brain.
The human brain operates on electrical frequencies called brainwaves. Neurofeedback uses EEG sensors attached to the head to read the brainwaves, and computer games and music reward the brain when it is operating efficiently. The more the brain is rewarded, the more efficiently it operates. The brain also creates pathways according to life experiences. If the brain is exposed to the same experiences, the pathway it creates is bigger. For example, the pathway that controls the index finger of a violinist who began to play at the age of 5 is going to be much larger at the age of 60 than most people’s. So by rewarding the brain for being efficient, the brain is also building efficient pathways of communication within itself.